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Monthly Archives: April 2018

Six hundred sixty-six words…

…more or less

Ten years of blogging have revealed one unanticipated thing about my writing: the predictable length of a piece here is likely 600 to 700 words. And if that is, indeed, the limit of my attention span or of the complexity of thought I might entertain in the moment, the revelation has come none too soon. No wonder I seem unable to write a book. Despite the number of book-length topics in my research agenda, it’s hard to visualize one of them treated in a hundred chapters of six hundred sixty-six words apiece.

Another characteristic concerns writing itself, by which I mean the physical act of putting words on paper. I write in that sense, but my students — most of them; surely there must be exceptions — operate on the presumption that “cursive” means swearing. So it was with great interest that I ran across an article about the sad state of written communication today and why it may be more important than you imagine.

“The benefits of writing by hand, and doing so from a young age, are fundamental: improved and sustained development in social skills, hand-eye coordination, long-term memory.” —Ted Scheinman

In “Hand-wringing over Handwriting” Scheinman does far more than bemoan the disappearance of cursive writing from our schools — at least the public variety; parochial and other private schools may be another matter — for there is a documentable connection between writing and cognitive skills. It turns out using a pencil is like learning how to use any other tool: “Using our hands requires the development of particular areas of the brain” and the those areas learn through the mechanism of manipulation, especially repetitive — that is, information enters our brain by means other than seeing and hearing; it travels up your arm. Taking notes during a lecture, for example, imprints our recollection of what has been said far more durably than by listening alone. If you don’t go to Scheinman’s article itself, consider this hasty distillation.

  • Brain development has close coördination with manual dexterity.
  • Cursive note-taking yields a more fluid and cohesive thought process; whereas “transcrib[ing] lectures verbatim rather than processing information and reframing it in [our] own words is detrimental to learning.”
  • Children who write by hand are better able to generate ideas and retain information.

A particular problem for graduate students in history arises from this inability to read cursive—of any period or place. Let me give you an example.

Between 1908 and about 1910, the mayor of Williston, North Dakota was Joseph Jackson, who, with his wife Julia, had come during the Second Dakota Boom. I’m not sure what Jackson’s “day job” may have been; my interest arose from the house they built: one of the state’s finer examples of the Arts & Crafts style, designed by Chicago architect Lawrence Buck and built about 1909. The Jacksons had come from Madison, Wisconsin, where the family were well established and influential. [There’s an odd connection with Frank Lloyd Wright and the Monona Terrace Civic Center project, but that can wait for another time and context.]

I knew the Jackson house was a Buck design and I suspected their connection with him had come via the Ladies Home Journal, but was that the only link? Fortunate for me, Julia Jackson was her mother’s daughter; she wrote her mother in Madison at least once, sometimes twice a day. And in a format that I had associated with the 18th century.

To save paper, Julia’s letters were written on both sides and in both directions, that is, she wrote across the paper and then rotated it 90°, then turned the paper over and repeated. Because pen and ink a century ago bled through the paper, anyone reading her letters — or trying to — would be reading four lines simultaneously: backwards, forwards, and crosswise. An hour in the reading room of the state’s historical society brought on a headache like I have never had (without benefit of alcohol). Now compound that with 19th century cursive penmanship and you appreciate the problem. One of Scheinman’s sources claims this is already an issue in graduate studies.

This is not one of Julia Jackson’s letters but you get the idea, though it doesn’t have ink bleeding through from the reverse.

Ironically, the computer software that creates an architectural drawing will be unable to read it in ten years or less. At least the cursive script phenomenon has taken a century to evolve.

Oh, and I just broke the 700 barrier.


PS: Then there is the matter of Swiss-German poet Robert Walser, whose early 20th century microscript was considered unreadable until recently. Being in German doesn’t help.

walser microscript.jpg

“The Land Between…”

The Land of Counterpane

by Robert Louis Stevenson

When I was sick and lay a-bed,
I had two pillows at my head,
And all my toys beside me lay
To keep me happy all the day.
And sometimes for an hour or so
I watched my leaden soldiers go,
With different uniforms and drills,
Among the bed-clothes, through the hills.
And sometimes sent my ships in fleets
All up and down among the sheets;
Or brought my trees and houses out,
And planted cities all about.
I was the giant great and still
That sits upon the pillow-hill,
And sees before him, dale and plain
The pleasant Land of Counterpane.

“A few figs from thistles…”

by Howard A. Tabor

The Land Between

As a child of ten or twelve, I was struck by Scarlet Fever, a streptococcal infection whose bright red rash put me in bed in a darkened room for at least a week, as I recall sixty years hence. What the consequences of bright light may have been I was never told; children of that age, after all, are spoken about, never spoken to. Whatever pain may have been involved has carried no memory; what I do recall was a great deal of reading in the Junior Classics, a set of ten books on the small bookshelf beside my bed. Reading in that darkened room may have done more damage than the fever, but what I read has done me nothing but good.

It was an eclectic mix of authors and literature types. There was “The Gold-Bug” by Edgar Allen Poe, for example, and “Robinson Crusoe”. There was also “The Land of Counterpane”, a poem by Robert Louis Stevenson.

Stevenson’s realm was familiar long before I encountered the poem. I might as well have been an only child (my sister was two years older), and a feral one at that, which translated in my case to a lot of time alone. The patchwork quilt that wrinkled and draped between my legs had long since become a land of lost and found, whose vistas rippled into the distance, fold after fold, to the horizon (i.e., the edge of the bed; guess I was a Flat-Earther at that age). But that landscape was uninhabited; no toy soldiers, no tractors or dump trucks, simply a world to wander.

Soon I did have a “traveling companion” in the person of Frank, the dog, equally curious about the world. And our exploratorium was Frank’s old neighborhood in Mesopotamia: trips to the FCC Grocery for mom, and that summer I tended the store for Mrs Pirtle; weeding our garden plot along the Milwaukee Road tracks; fishing below the weir with my friends Artie (Butch) and Bobbie (never, ever call her Roberta!). I got to know Mesopotamia more intimately than other parts of town, and its people, too; and how the rhythms there were different, slower, without being casual, than elsewhere. And there was a social structure, too, one that accepted me after a while as a benign invader — without a need for countervailing antibodies.

Until junior high school, Bobbie and Artie and the others went to Darrow school, while I was at Darwin, which made for a different sort of friendship, more purposeful, since we saw each other only “by appointment”. But Bobbie was check-out clerk at Cermak’s Market and Artie became a mechanic at Cliff’s Garage, businesses not actually in Mesopotamia, but decidedly on the wrong side of town — which is probably why I hung out there. It was Albert Camus who observed: “Don’t walk behind me; I may not lead. Don’t walk in front of me; I may not follow. Just walk beside me and be my friend”. We did. They were.

If you can tell me why someone is your friend — someone who knows you too well but likes you anyway and expects nothing but your own acceptance of them — I wish you’d share that wisdom.



1. a malicious, usually petty, desire to harm, annoy, frustrate, or humiliate another person; bitter ill will; malice.
2. a particular instance of such an attitude or action; grudge.
3. Obsolete. something that causes vexation; annoyance.
verb (used with object), spited, spiting.
4. to treat with spite or malice.
5. to annoy or thwart, out of spite.
6. to fill with spite; vex; offend.
7. cut off one’s nose to spite one’s face.
8. in spite of, in disregard or defiance of; notwithstanding; despite: She arrived at school on time in spite of the snowstorm.

The Sam Kee Building

With an address at 499 Carrall Street in Vancouver, BC, the Sam Kee Building technically fronts on West Pender. The Carrall “façade” is just 4 feet 11 inches in width, making this, according to Guiness, the world’s narrowest commercial building and probably the most notorious spite building ever constructed. See what I mean?

Its story is simple. The Sam Kee Company purchased a standard commercial lot in 1903 but delayed construction. Then in 1912 the city widened Pender Street, appropriating all but 4’—11″ of the original parcel. Refusing offers from his neighbors (which would, presumably, have resulted in a net loss of investment), Kee decided to build anyway, and his architects Brown & Gillam produced a steel frame design that projected beyond the property line at both the second floor and the basement. The Kee Building joined the surprisingly large ranks of the world’s other “spite” buildings.

Several have resulted from street widening projects, such as this long-demolished example at 161st Street and Melrose Avenue in the Bronx, once the shop of a tailor, which likewise extended beneath the public right-of-way.

While others grew from dispute — between neighbors or within one family — such as this 1925 house in the Montlake neighborhood of Seattle, the product of a messy divorce: ex-husband got the house, while the ex-wife got a compensatory sliver of land and then took her revenge.

Spite can be a powerful force and take many forms and faces, most of them hidden; it doesn’t really work if you know its happening. Like revenge, the best of it occurs when no one notices. So I wonder if anything of this sort happened in the otherwise reserved hamlet of Agincourt.


Edwin Noble and William Plane Pycraft

noble why.jpglf.jpg

Artist-illustrator Edwin Noble collaborated on at least two books with W. P. Pycraft, whose on-line bios assign him a number of scientific titles: ornithologist, osteologist, zoölogist, comparative anatomist, among others. What I find noteworthy in these books — The Animal Why Book and Pads, Paws & Claws — is Pycraft’s ability to put complex, even difficult scientific ideas into language children could understand. At least I presume they were comprehensible to eight- to twelve-year-olds, though I wonder how they would be received today.

I found my first copy (the Why Book) at a massive flea market in Rochester, Minnesota, and flipped my companion for the “right” to buy the book; it was $75, as I recall, at least fifteen years ago. The illustrations had attracted our attention, but later, in the car on the way home, it was the text that equally impressed. I wondered if these two collaborators knew each another? Their pairing seems ideal. Seeking information on Edwin Noble, I learned of the second Pycraft volume and a third later book authored by Gladys Davidson (these were published in 1910, 1911, and 1919, I believe) which was also lavished with Noble illustrations. Noble himself appears to have been a recognized authority on animal anatomy, both teaching and publishing on the subject. My attraction, however, is their general Edwardian character, similar to the graphics of William Nicholson and the Beggarstaff Brothers.


The Edwardians

Is it even necessary for me to confess a fetish for the Edwardians and almost everything associated with that too brief period (1901-1910)?

  • Edwardian architecture has much in common with the Mannerist period of the Renaissance: exaggeration, overt emphasis, and disproportion of ornament; tongue-in-cheek historicism; pastel relief from the deep, moody Victorian palette. It includes architects like Sir Edwin Lutyens, Richard Norman Shaw, C. R. Mackintosh, C. F. A. Voysey, Edgar Wood, and other lesser lights. Recognize a few of those names? Even Wright’s “Prairie School” work of the decade 1900-1910 might be understood in Edwardian terms, if for no other reason than the ways it represents shifting social norms. But if ye seek concentrations of this stuff, London is merely O.K.; larger concentrations are to be found in gritty Midland industrial cities like Manchester, Birmingham, and Liverpool, even Glasgow — some of my favorite places — and in Chicago, their American counterpart.
  • Edwardian composers like Ralph (pronounced “rāfe”) Vaughan Williams, Sir Edward Elgar, and Frederick Delius (I think) wrote music with a wistful, melancholic sound that practically foretells the Great War to come, too soon.
  • Representative (and popular!) Edwardian writers are Barrie, Forster (Howard’s End), Galsworthy (The Forsyte Saga), Kipling, Shaw, and Wells. [I note two of my favorite novels of that period.] Richard Adams’s Watership Down (1972) seems in keeping.
  • Fashion offers better examples that might be labelled Edwardian, rather than the fine arts of painting and sculpture. Perhaps I’m in error. It wouldn’t be the first time.

I mention all of this because it may well be the Agincourt Project is over-saturated with my Edwardian perspective. The Social Gospel, for example is (in the United States, at least) a theological point of view riddled with Progressive socio-economic notions that contrast the previous Victorian hypocrisy.— de facto Edwardian? It’s good to identify one’s sources, to acknowledge influence both overt and subliminal, and to explain (without apology, I hope) the matrix I and others have invented.

I mention this for another reason: This smörgåsbord of interests and influences also seems entirely out of step with the 21st century; with culture in general and with architectural education in particular. I seem to be making a case for becoming disengaged from one, certainly, and possibly from both.

Uchida Masayasu [born 1922]

[From the Community Collection, a public trust in Agincourt, Iowa]

UCHIDA Masayasu / 内田 正泰 [born 1922]

Green Hillside

ca 1960s

silkscreen / image 19 inches by 13.5 inches / #25 of 300

“Nature does not make a lie, everything is true, human beings make falsehoods, so I make nature a teacher. It is called the earth of the solar system of the universe. Humans are living as microorganisms above the stars. We would like to end their lives based on this and continue to make Mother Nature’s love form.” — Masayasu Uchida (though this may have lost something in translation)

Ninety-six year old Japanese artist Masayasu Uchida has been a printmaker since his graduation from Yokohama National University in 1943. “Green Hillside” is very characteristic of Uchida’s style, using broad areas of pure color in a subtle secondary palette. Other Japanese prints in the Community Collection are more typically woodblock prints in ukiyo-e or “floating world” style.

The print was acquired from a gallery in Honolulu during a 1960s vacation by Florian and Marian ZaBach and given to the collection by their children.


A. Hugh Fisher [1867-1945]

[From the Community Collection, a public trust in Agincourt, Iowa]

FISHER, A. Hugh [1867-1945]

“Langdale Pikes from Blea Tarn”

circa 1920

etching / 6 inches by 9 inches / unknown edition

Glacier, British Columbia, Canada

circa 1930

etching / 6 inches by 9 inches / unknown edition

This signed etching by Alfred Hugh Fisher entitled “Langdale Pikes from Blea Tarn” depicts a rural English landscape with lake (tarn = a small mountain lake, from Middle English and Old Norse), usually formed by glacial moraines. A popular hiking destination in the renowned English Lake District, the Pikes themselves are what Americans might call a hogback or ridge, seen here in silhouette from the tarn. The untitled view of a Canadian glacier is likewise an etching, but presents a much lighter feeling, a celebration of line rather than plane.

Alfred Hugh Fisher received his formal art education at the National Art Training School (now the Royal College of Art) and the Académie Julian in Paris. He began producing etchings in the 1890s and was elected to membership in the Royal Society of Painters and Etchers in 1898. A. Hugh Fisher was a member of the Royal Engravers and the Chicago Society of Etchers. His art is in the collections of the British Museum and the Victoria and Albert Museum, London.

A sticker on the frame suggests one of these was acquired from the Thurber Art Gallery in Chicago’s Fine Arts Building — operated by W. Scott Thurber in space remodeled by Frank Lloyd Wright in 1909.


Valedictory: of or relating to an occasion of leave-taking.

It’s the conclusion of the spring semester of the 2017-2018 academic year. And if things go according to plan, I have six more semesters until retirement. And if they don’t, it’s no bad thing to have an exit strategy.

Last night was one of fitful sleep. Depressives tend to be early-awakeners and I often get no more than two hours of sleep at a time, articulated by sudoku and the current bedside book. Early this morning seemed as good a time as any to rehearse my valedictory speech, the fare-well address I might deliver to whomever shows up at my retirement celebration—it might also be read on my behalf at a memorial service; either works for me. Who knows. This iteration of it may be the one you hear and that will spare you from showing up.

My old friend Marilla Thurston Missbach said I was one of those people who grow where they’re planted. And so I arrived at this new job in the late summer of 1971 through no effort of my own: Harlyn Thompson, chair of the department at the time, was looking for someone to teach architectural history; someone who was not an art historian, i.e., some schooled in the ways of the architect, with an appreciation of all those factors that shape our buildings, from economic and legal to functional and aesthetic. Seven years of undergraduate education (five in actual classes and two just farting around) and a year of graduate study in historic preservation had prepared me for what I was about to undertake. Thompson had called James Marston Fitch, founder of the Historic Preservation Program at Columbia University, asking if there were any in the class of 1970-1971 who might be interested in a job at the edge of the known universe — my words, not those of Professor Thompson. I had not inquired about employment anywhere else, so why not fly to Fargo.

Being literally pushed into a classroom that fall by our secretary Julie Smallarz, filled with abject fear, I had no illusions of lasting the week, let alone the forty-seven years that followed. Forces beyond my control planted me here and, as luck would have it, I grew into the position. Hindsight could be telling me that it’s relatively easy to do a job when you have little idea what that job actually is. So I stayed one chapter ahead of the students, who were, I should add, just four or five years my junior. The blind teaching the deaf and dumb how to cha-cha is a politically incorrect but highly appropriate metaphor.

Among my many assumptions was a notion that students of architecture might have genuine interest in the history of the profession for which they were preparing — silly me, I admit, but that operative force guiding me at the time.

At some point it dawned on me that I am neither fish nor fowl: my academic credentials were intended as preparation for a professional life, not one in academe. Yet anyone in higher education knows that interlopers like myself are barely tolerated. My BArch and MArch degrees should have led to a license in architecture, which would have satisfied tenure requirements. But I hadn’t and, instead, count myself a Humanist who has an architectural point of view. So I possess the credentials for the thing I don’t do, but lack the credentials for the thing I do.

Higher education does not suffer fools, and I am both foolish and feckless but steadfast in my efforts to convert the heathen through the use of interpretive dance. I live, quite literally, for those seventy-five minutes each Tuesday and Thursday morning, doin’ the Shakespeare thing—my curious performance hybrid of Hamlet and Jack Benny—in one of the FLC lecture rooms hung like colostomy bags on its north elevation, or in some other remote corner of campus, grateful for any who show up and anxious to see an acknowledging nod when a point has been made, even if it were not my own. If I am at all successful, it’s my fearlessness to discover things on the screen simultaneous with the students; I’ve lost track of the times an image has flipped or twisted before my eyes and presented me with new insights shared on the spot, presented in precisely that way: “Say, I’ve just noticed this and wonder if you see what I do.”

If successful teaching depends on a high degree of fecklessness, my so-called career has been a stunning success. If, on the other hand, its success is a reflection of approval farther up the food chain—well, that ship sailed and left me waving from the pier. A recent unsuccessful application for promotion doesn’t warrant another headlong charge at that rampart, though a few friends have offered encouragement.

Blogging in Agincourt about measuring “the good life” has led me to dozens of websites fluent on the topic, but nothing thus far seems to apply directly to my case. If you’ve got a metric for success, please share it and help me understand what these nearly fifty years have meant. Because I don’t have a clue.

These two photographic images, by the way, were made by early 20th century photographer Alvin Langdon Coburn. Their mystic melancholy suits my mood today and most others, for that matter. So enjoy them, if nothing else.

Not incidentally, I was second choice in a pool of two faculty candidates. Number One turned them down and there wasn’t time to do another search-and-interview, so I became the default candidate. Someone who’d been a part of the process shared that perspective with me. What do you suppose his motive might have been? Some people get off on that sort of thing. I guess.

“Success is not being recognized as an absolute failure by too many people you’re not married to.” — Cecil D. Elliott

Baton Passing

Passing the Baton

“Only once in your life, I truly believe, you find someone who can completely turn your world around. You tell them things that you’ve never shared with another soul and they absorb everything you say and actually want to hear more. You share hopes for the future, dreams that will never come true, goals that were never achieved and the many disappointments life has thrown at you. When something wonderful happens, you can’t wait to tell them about it, knowing they will share in your excitement. They are not embarrassed to cry with you when you are hurting or laugh with you when you make a fool of yourself. Never do they hurt your feelings or make you feel like you are not good enough, but rather they build you up and show you the things about yourself that make you special and even beautiful. There is never any pressure, jealousy or competition but only a quiet calmness when they are around. You can be yourself and not worry about what they will think of you because they  love you for who you are. The things that seem insignificant to most people such as a note, song or walk become invaluable treasures kept safe in your heart to cherish forever. Memories of your childhood come back and are so clear and vivid it’s like being young again. Colours seem brighter and more brilliant. Laughter seems part of daily life where before it was infrequent or didn’t exist at all. A phone call or two during the day helps to get you through a long day’s work and always brings a smile to your face. In their presence, there’s no need for continuous conversation, but you find you’re quite content in just having them nearby. Things that never interested you before become fascinating because you know they are important to this person who is so special to you. You think of this person on every occasion and in everything you do. Simple things bring them to mind like a pale blue sky, gentle wind or even a storm cloud on the horizon. You open your heart knowing that there’s a chance it may be broken one day and in opening your heart, you experience a love and joy that you never dreamed possible. You find that being vulnerable is the only way to allow your heart to feel true pleasure that’s so real it scares you. You find strength in knowing you have a true friend and possibly a soul mate who will remain loyal to the end. Life seems completely different, exciting and worthwhile. Your only hope and security is in knowing that they are a part of your life.”
― Bob Marley

In the late 1960s, well into my ongoing identity crisis, I was a writer of bad poetry—possibly in a league with Paula Nancy Millstone Jennings of Greenbridge, Essex, made infamous by Douglas Adams, though I have yet to encounter an actual volume of her verse. Good thing, too, because I’ve read the lengths readers will take to escape less ghastly poets like the Azgoths of Kria. Mine was a five-part epic titled “Norman, Summer of 1970”, composed just before my departure for a New York City grad school, and in it I put a hope answered by Bob Marley, though I didn’t understand until now.

From where I stand—I don’t do all that much running anymore—my leg of the race is nearly run. I spend time wondering two things: who passed the baton to me? and who’s accepted it from my hand? The first question is a mystery: I grabbed the torch, but from whom? The second has a plausible answer, and that answer makes me smile.



mesopotamia, noun

ancient name for the land that lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (in modern Iraq), from Greek mesopotamia (khora), literally “a country between two rivers,” from fem. of mesopotamos, from mesos (μέσος) “middle” (see: medial (adj.)) + potamos (ποταμός) “river” (see: potamo-).

In 19th century the word sometimes was used in the sense of “anything which gives irrational or inexplicable comfort to the hearer,” based on the story of the old woman who told her pastor that she “found great support in that comfortable word Mesopotamia[Brewer’s Dictionary of Phrase & Fable1870]. The place was called Mespot (1917) by British soldiers serving there in World War I. Related: Mesopotamian.

Agincourt’s original quadrants are identical in pattern—each of them mirrored on the opposite side of both Broad Street and Agincourt Avenue; that is, symmetrical north-south and east-west, a higher degree of cartesian balance than even Philadelphia—but they vary in topography. They were also settled at different rates and times, achieved different densities of population, and attracted different residents. As you might guess from this plat, the southwestern quadrant was subject to flooding, situated as it is at the junction of Crispin Creek with the Mighty Muskrat.

A working class neighborhood, where blue collar folk lived near their places of employment—the railroad, lumberyard, canning factory, etc.—residents knew it as “Mesopotamia” (a veiled reference to the ancient Middle East and our own counterpart to the Lower Ninth Ward) and established a micro-culture unlike other parts of the city. Howard told us about errands to the FFC Market, of its proprietress Fern Pirtle, and the source of his first dog Frank. But aside from the market, the Syndicate Mill, and Anton Krause’s first foundry, not much has been written. Time to remedy that.

Post Script: Cities are organic creatures, growing as they will, often in spite of our best efforts to direct their progress, and despite any egalitarian tendencies, they are disinclined to uniformity in almost every respect. Very soon after platting and the sale of lots, each quarter of the original Agincourt townsite attracted a different clientele. So the northeastern section, because of its slightly higher elevation, became the neighborhood of affluence, while flood-prone Mesopotamia in the southwest received little attention—especially during actual flooding. The squeaky wheel gets lubed and we know who’s in charge of the oil can.


Somewhere in the accumulating Agincourt detritus there a is postcard I purchased long ago (found it! above) of what I can only describe as a humble group of totally unassuming structures, which immediately struck me as the character that likely developed in that “land between the rivers.” It’s good when you can find some of the designing already done by others.

World of Work

The World of Work

I can tell you with certainty that people invited to the sandbox of history react in one of two ways: unbridled enthusiasm or furtive glances for the nearest exit from the room. Frankly, I’m content with either. So, this afternoon—for nearly two hours!—I enjoyed conversation with a third-year student who actually approached me about the project. You’ll have to ask each participant in Agincourt why they became involved and what they may have derived from the experience; I can only answer for myself.

The Syndicate Mill looks pretty much like this, only twice as long.

Among the potential contributions we discussed, two stood out: housing of some sort and industry (product yet to be determined). Discussions of Agincourt’s early industry have centered on the Syndicate Mills, an early water-powered factory which might have produced anything from planed lumber to shoes. The Krause Iron Foundry stood just north, probably to be near the water but for a different purpose. Despite the fact that the area was close to the new railroad right-of-way, it was cramped and incapable of accommodating anything larger. Any manufacturing facilities built circa 1900 or later would have located west of Mighty Muskrat in the area that came to be called “Industry” and served by the trolley after 1909.

There are two industries I know and one that I’d like to see developed: 1) Krause Bridge & Iron, the development of a family business founded by German immigrant Anton Krause; 2) Hearthstone Industries, maker of enameled kitchenware, founded by David Parmelee but managed by his son-in-law Aidan Archer; and 3) an as yet unnamed plant for the canning of vegetables (a project of interest for both its design as for the graphic design of its corporate image). Surely there will be one or two others. But whatever their output, I suspect the buildings will look something like these 19th and early 20th century examples.

Stay tuned. And feel free to chime in.